Find out the best ways to get your gum disease under control.
The bacteria within plaque can cause tooth decay and gum inflammation, which is why adopting a good oral care routine are imperative for healthy teeth and gums; however if our Southgate, MI, dentist Dr. Jason Cohen does detect gum disease during your next checkup, know that there are several strategies to treat the infection. The sooner gum disease is caught the easier it is to treat.
Of course, the type of treatment or treatments our Southgate, MI, family dentist recommends will depend on the severity of your gum disease. This disease is progressive, which means that it will continue to get worse unless the inflammation and bacteria are removed. The three main stages of gum disease are,
Gingivitis: the mild stage of gum disease, in which plaque builds up around and under the gums, causing inflammation. You may not notice any symptoms, or you may notice minor symptoms such as gums that bleed when you brush and floss.
Periodontitis: If gingivitis isn’t caught and treated immediately it will eventually turn into periodontitis. At this point, the gum tissue will begin to recede. You may notice this, as your teeth will suddenly appear longer than usual. You may also experience tooth sensitivity or loose teeth.
Advanced periodontitis: at this point inflammation has caused serious damage such as tooth, gum and bone loss. It is common to lose teeth at this stage of the disease.
How do you treat gum disease?
If your gum disease is mild, then at-home care may be all you need to get your inflammation under control. Of course, you’re going to need to step up your at-home oral care routine to make sure that you are removing all bacteria and plaque from the gums. Our dentist can show you how to brush and floss properly (yes, there are techniques involved in both of these everyday habits). He may also recommend special oral rinses and medicated toothpaste designed for those with gum disease.
Many cases of gum disease will require more than just changes to a person’s home care routine. An individual may also require a deep-cleaning treatment known as scaling and root planing. This is one of the most common ways to treat most mild to moderate cases of gum disease. During this procedure, the dentist will be able to remove plaque and tartar buildup from along and under the gums all the way down to the roots of the tooth.
Since bacteria can get trapped in the roots of the teeth, we will also shave down these roots to prevent bacteria from forming there. Sometimes, special antibiotic fibers are placed within the gums to shrink pockets of infections within the tissue. In more serious and advanced cases, laser treatment or surgery may be necessary.
Our dentist at Cohen Modern Dentistry in Southgate, MI, Dr. Jason Cohen is here to make sure that everyone gets the proper dental care they need to maintain healthy smiles. If you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease, it’s important that you call us at (734) 283-1263 to schedule an evaluation.